Abstract: Fractal image compression through IFS is very important for the efficient transmission and storage of digital data. Fractal is made up of the union of several copies of itself and IFS is defined by a finite number of affine transformation which characterized by Translation, scaling, shearing and rotation. In this paper we describe the necessary conditions to form an Iterated Function System and how fractals are generated through affine transformations.

Keywords: Iterated Function System; Contraction Mapping.