Abstract: Acid mine drainage has severe environmental effects. These environmental effects can be devastating for living organism. The acidity of acid mine drainage destroys plants, vegetations, human and animals health, corrosion of pipes, building and building materials, Increasing degradation and contamination of aquatic resources and make water quality unsuitable for human and biota utilization. Presently treatment of mine influence water has significant challenges because of its persistent nature. The generation of acid mine drainage once initiated, can continue for decades and often long after active mining operations have ceased. Traditional treatment methods are not suitable for treatment of mining effluents. Recently, passive treatment systems have been proposed and implemented as low-cost, effective, efficient and long-term management options. This review summarizes the applications of active and passive treatment system for treatment of acid mine drainages.
Keywords: Acid mine drainage, effect, active and passive treatment technology.