Abstract: The present research work is relating to health status based on Disability-Free Life Expectancy (DFLE) between urban and rural areas in India. Framework of rapid urbanization in India has been set over past few decades. This brings strong decline in the quality of life due to population ageing and ensuring sustainability of health care systems and reduction of disability among elderly Indian population. This paper also explores on disability prevalence and the potential link between poverty and disability. This paper will observe a direct relationship between the poverty rate and disability prevalence in India. Aim of the present research work is for estimating DFLE of Indians of all ages in urban and rural areas and to examine whether differences in DFLE exists between above two areas. Data from SRS and Indian Census 2011 are utilized under present work. Technique of Sullivan is applied for the estimation of DFLE in India. Rural areas exhibit higher rates of age-specific mortality than that of its urban counterpart. Higher rates of age-specific disability in rural areas, which is statistically insignificant here, were observed as compared to urban areas. Above two observations reveal about significant differences in disability prevalence and mortality occurrence from birth to age 80+between urban and rural areas of India. Urban population has longer life expectancies and also DFLE than that of rural population from birth to age 80+. Present study exhibits about presence of inequalities in life expectancies, DFLE and life expectancies with disabilities between urban and rural areas in India together with their age-specific differences as well. These findings may be useful and yardstick for implications of various policies in way to reduce the inequalities in health-related outcomes.
Keywords: Disability and Poverty; Disability-Free Life Expectancy; Life Table Technique; Sullivan Technique.
| DOI: 10.17148/IARJSET.2020.7712