Abstract: As concrete is one of the most important building materials, it is commonly used in structural engineering. Owing to growing demand for traditional construction materials, there is a need to produce alternative building materials. In recent years waste management has been one of the important subjects, extensive research is being conducted to use the same in the building industry. Various operations to replace the Coarse aggregate were carried out. In this case extended beads of polystyrene were used to partly and fully replace Coarse aggregate. As lightweight concrete compressed polystyrene beads are helpful. It the the dead load, the self-weight and primarily improvises a structure's thermal insulating property. Biodegradable material compared to plastic, including polystyrene in building allows some waste disposal. Concrete is considered to be lightweight as it ranges from 160–1920 kg / m3 in mass. Polystyrene concrete has a greater effect on the environment of building, with decreased concrete density and limited necessary weight. The average volume of coarse aggregate is offset by the polystyrene beads in this factory. Fresh concrete properties were tabulated, with and without the inclusion of polystyrene beads. Measurement of workability, mass, compressive force, crack tensile strength for the cubes and cylinders with and without cement coating. For conventional beams and polystyrene beams flexural strength is calculated.
Keywords: OPC 53 Grade Cement, Conventional Beam, Polystyrene Beam, Flexural Strength Test.
| DOI: 10.17148/IARJSET.2020.7823