Abstract: In recent times, earth is suffering from huge pollution, which is caused due to traditional IC engine vehicles. So, the entire world is moving to a new trend of electric vehicles, which is pollution-free and higher efficient over traditional vehicles (IC engine vehicle). Transport electrification is one of the most significant areas of study by the industrialists over the past years. Electric vehicles (EVs) are taking over market share of traditional internal combustion engine vehicles. The growing attractiveness of EVs contributes to a higher number of charging stations, with significant grid impacts. Innumerable operational approaches, as well as methods of grid integration, are being developed to reduce the negative effects of EV charging and to optimize the benefits of EV grid integration. In this study, the developments on electric vehicles and its customization over a period of time till now have been delivered. This research work is based on numerous batteries used in Electric Vehicles (EV), several drive systems with its benefits and charging methodologies in recent time has been made along with its Cons to provide better knowledge for researchers to promote substantial augmentation of EV.

An individual need not be an automobile designer to comprehend that the lesser fuel a motor devours the better it is, and the less poisons delivered, and the cleaner the air we inhale. Lamentably, enhancing the variables in that mathematical statement is getting to be progressively troublesome. To accomplish extra mileage changes, we have started to concentrate on expanding productivity in ranges where enhancements are significantly more troublesome and expensive to attain to - to a great extent on powertrain segments, for example, the transmission This stems from the way that transmissions work over a scope of force conditions, for example, low speed-high torque to fast low torque, and in addition through an assortment of apparatus proportions. To accomplish picks up here, we have tested the traditional speculation connected with powertrain capacities and plans.

Keywords: E-vehicle, CVT, Transmission system, Battery.

PDF | DOI: 10.17148/IARJSET.2023.10427

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