International Advanced Research Journal in             Science, Engineering and Technology

A monthly peer-reviewed Online and Print journal

ISSN Online 2393-8021
ISSN Print 2394-1588

Since  2014

Abstract: In the present study of five different groundnut varieties such as Rajasthan Nagori RD 1:10(RRD1:10), G10 Gujarat(G10G), Shivpuri(Sv), Rajasthan Gugeri (Rg) and Tag(Tg) were grown under different geographical places in India. The proximate analysis, oil yield and physicochemical characteristics of collected groundnut seeds and their extracted oils were determined for their nutritional assay. It was found that the seeds contained in the range of extracted oil, moisture, crude protein, total ash, crude fat, crude fibre, carbohydrate and calories per 100gms were 40.85-44.55 % (±1.58), 1.14-2.16 % (± 0.45),30.12-34.38% (± 1.61),1.18-1.8 %(± 0.23), 32.8-34.2 % (± 0.71),2.24-3.18 % (± 0.42), 24.68-30.38% (± 0.58) and 536.68-549.32 (± 0.76) respectively. The specific gravity, viscosities, impurities and refractive index of the extracted groundnut seed oil and colour were in the range of 0.9150-0.9162 (± 0.00), 91.55-91.7(± 0.08), 0.025-0.045(± 0.01) ,1.4627-1.4634(± 0.00) and 1.4-2.0(± 0.39) respectively. AV (mg KOH/g oil), IV (g I2/100 g oil), SV (mg KOH/ g oil), unsaponifiable matter content (%) and ester value of the extracted oil from groundnut seeds were in the range of 1.33-3.11(±0.94), 86.7-95.12(±0.43),192.76-195.03(±3.98),0.48-0.62(±0.05)and189.3-192.87(±1.39) respectively. This study is empirical and on the basis of finding it is revealed that groundnut seed oil can be a valuable source of edible oil.

Keywords: Groundnut seeds, Extraction, Proximate, Physico-Chemical analysis

PDF | DOI: 10.17148/IARJSET.2019.6903

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