Abstract: Speed breeding has emerged as a promising technique for expediting the crop improvement process through controlled environments, genetic advancements, and high-throughput phenotyping. This methodology addresses the time-consuming nature of conventional breeding methods and has gained widespread recognition and adoption globally. In India, there is growing interest and investment in speed breeding research to cater to the country's diverse agricultural needs. The speed breeding methodology entails careful selection of plant material, the establishment of controlled environments, manipulation of lighting conditions, control of temperature and humidity, preparation and sowing of seeds, crop management, implementation of accelerated growth cycles, utilization of high-throughput phenotyping techniques, trait selection, breeding strategies, data analysis, and evaluation of new varieties. Major speed breeding encompass controlled environment agriculture, light manipulation, genetics and genomics, phenotyping and trait evaluation, crop-specific applications, breeding strategies, environmental stress tolerance, and data analysis and modeling. Challenges such as optimizing protocols for different crops, refining phenotyping techniques, integrating genomic tools, and addressing scalability and cost-effectiveness issues persist and require ongoing scientific investigation. The implementation of speed breeding holds substantial promise for revolutionizing crop improvement by expediting breeding cycles, enhancing genetic diversity, enabling precise trait selection, and developing resilient varieties. Continuous research, collaboration, and technological advancements will shape the future of speed breeding and its transformative impact on crop improvement efforts.

Keywords: High-throughput phenotyping, Nutritional quality, Speed breeding

PDF | DOI: 10.17148/IARJSET.2023.105105

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