Abstract: It is the survey paper of VANETs are a subset of MANETs in which communication nodes are mainly vehicles. As such, this kind of network should deal with a great number of highly mobile nodes, eventually dispersed in different roads. In VANETs, vehicles can communicate each other (V2V, Vehicle-to-Vehicle communications). They can connect to an infrastructure (V2I, Vehicle-to-Infrastructure) or Infrastructure to Vehicle (I2V) to get some service. This infrastructure is assumed to be located along the roads. Some motivations of the promising VANET technology include, Increase traveler safety, Enhance traveler mobility, Decrease travelling time, Conserve energy and protect the environment, Magnify transportation system efficiency, VEHICULAR ad hoc networks (VANETs) [1] are self configuring networks where the nodes are vehicles (equipped with onboard computers), elements of roadside infrastructure, sensors, and pedestrian personal devices. WiFi (IEEE 802.11-based) technologies are used for deploying such kind of networks. At present, the IEEE group is completing the IEEE 802.11p and IEEE 1609 final drafts, which are known as “Standard Wireless Access in Vehicular Environments” (WAVE), specifically designed for VANETs. This technology presents the opportunity to develop powerful car systems capable of gathering, processing, and distributing information.

For example, a driver assistance system could collect accurate and up-to-date data about the surrounding environment, detect potentially dangerous situations, and notify the driver [2].

Keywords: VANET,WiFi, IEEE protocols

PDF | DOI: 10.17148/IARJSET.2020.7424

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